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Monday, 26 March 2018 00:00

What Causes Ingrown Toenails?

If the toenails grow into the skin surrounding the nail, you may have a condition referred to as ingrown toenails. This typically occurs when the nails are cut improperly or if the shoes are not fitting correctly. Additionally, if you have poor circulation or diabetes, healing may take significantly longer, and may cause other complications. Symptoms of this ailment generally consist of moderate to severe pain and reddened, swollen skin. There may be pus draining out of it, which can indicate an infection. Treatment remedies include soaking the area in warm water several time per day or applying a cushioning material, such as gauze, in the corner of the nail. There are many ways to prevent this condition from occurring, including wearing shoes that fit properly and making sure there’s enough room for the toes to move. If you suffer from this condition, it’s advised to consult with a podiatrist to determine the best treatment options for you.

Ingrown toenails can become painful if they are not treated properly. For more information about ingrown toenails, contact Dr. Warren Pasternack of Advantage Foot Care Centers. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails occur when a toenail grows sideways into the bed of the nail, causing pain, swelling, and possibly infection.

Causes

  • Bacterial infections
  • Improper nail cutting such as cutting it too short or not straight across
  • Trauma to the toe, such as stubbing, which causes the nail to grow back irregularly
  • Ill-fitting shoes that bunch the toes too close together
  • Genetic predisposition

Prevention

Because ingrown toenails are not something found outside of shoe-wearing cultures, going barefoot as often as possible will decrease the likeliness of developing ingrown toenails. Wearing proper fitting shoes and using proper cutting techniques will also help decrease your risk of developing ingrown toenails.

Treatment

Ingrown toenails are a very treatable foot condition. In minor cases, soaking the affected area in salt or antibacterial soaps will not only help with the ingrown nail itself, but also help prevent any infections from occurring. In more severe cases, surgery is an option. In either case, speaking to your podiatrist about this condition will help you get a better understanding of specific treatment options that are right for you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in East Brunswick, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Monday, 19 March 2018 00:00

Causes and Symptoms of Hammertoes

A permanently bent toe typically signifies a condition known as hammertoe. Severe pain may accompany this condition and may result in other foot ailments. The most common reason behind hammertoe development is poorly fitting shoes that squeeze the toe into a smaller than adequate area. It's suggested to keep the toes as flat as possible to avoid corns and blisters from developing. Additional causes may include having a predisposed inherited gene, diabetes, and arthritis. Severe injuries, such as stubbing your toe, may change the structure of the toe and may possibly cause this condition. In addition to noticing the bent toe, there are other symptoms that are indicative of hammertoes. These include the toe becoming red and swollen and limited movement caused by intense pain. Please schedule a consultation with a podiatrist for more information and treatment options, which may include surgery.

Hammertoe

Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact Dr. Warren Pasternack from Advantage Foot Care Centers. Our doctor will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Hammertoe

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that affects the joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes of your feet. It is a painful foot condition in which these toes curl and arch up, which can often lead to pain when wearing footwear.

Symptoms

  • Pain in the affected toes
  • Development of corns or calluses due to friction
  • Inflammation
  • Redness
  • Contracture of the toes

Causes

Genetics – People who are genetically predisposed to hammertoe are often more susceptible

Arthritis – Because arthritis affects the joints in your toes, further deformities stemming from arthritis can occur

Trauma – Direct trauma to the toes could potentially lead to hammertoe

Ill-fitting shoes – Undue pressure on the front of the toes from ill-fitting shoes can potentially lead to the development of hammertoe

Treatment

Orthotics – Custom made inserts can be used to help relieve pressure placed on the toes and therefore relieve some of the pain associated with it

Medications – Oral medications such as anti-inflammatories or NSAIDs could be used to treat the pain and inflammation hammertoes causes. Injections of corticosteroids are also sometimes used

Surgery – In more severe cases where the hammertoes have become more rigid, foot surgery is a potential option

If you have any questions please contact our office located in East Brunswick, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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It’s important to practice good foot care, and this is especially true of the elderly population. This may include checking the feet daily, and if this proves to be a difficult task, a family member may be able to help. Recent research has shown that it's beneficial to elevate the feet as much as possible, and this will enable the blood to circulate freely. The feet typically get larger as the aging process occurs, and a key element in having healthy feet is to choose shoes that fit properly and comfortably. Some of the foot problems that elderly people need to be aware of developing are fungal and bacterial conditions, and this can include athlete’s foot and warts. Prevention of these conditions and others such as corns, calluses, and ingrown toenails is imperative in maintaining good foot health. Please consider scheduling a consultation with a podiatrist for additional information on how to take care of elderly feet.

Proper foot care is something many older adults forget to consider. If you have any concerns about your feet and ankles, contact Dr. Warren Pasternack from Advantage Foot Care Centers. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

The Elderly and their Feet

As we age we start to notice many changes in our body, but the elder population may not notice them right away. Medical conditions may prevent the elderly to take notice of their foot health right away. Poor vision is a lead contributor to not taking action for the elderly.

Common Conditions 

  • Neuropathy – can reduce feeling in the feet, and can hide many life threating medical conditions.
  • Reduced flexibility – prevents the ability of proper toenail trimming, and foot cleaning. If left untreated, it may lead to further medical issues.
  • Foot sores – amongst the older population can be serious before they are discovered. Some of the problematic conditions they may face are:
  • Gouging toenails affecting nearby toe
  • Shoes that don’t fit properly
  • Pressure sores
  • Loss of circulation in legs & feet
  • Edema & swelling of feet and ankles

Susceptible Infections

Diabetes and poor circulation can cause general loss of sensitivity over the years, turning a simple cut into a serious issue.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in East Brunswick, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Monday, 05 March 2018 00:00

Pregnancy and Cracked Heels

Pregnancy can be an incredible experience, but there may be occasional foot issues that many women encounter. Cracked heels is a common ailment, most often due to the additional weight the feet must endure. The skin on the heels starts to split, possible due to a deficiency in vitamin A, zinc, and fish oil. Wearing shoes that have adequate cushioning and support will help the feet to feel better and it’s helpful to avoid going barefoot, which can cause the fissures, or cracks to worsen. If you encounter this ailment, there are several treatment options available. The heels will feel better if a moisturizer is applied after soaking the feet in warm, soapy water. Additionally, having your feet massaged with a warm essential oil may be beneficial.

Cracked heels are unsightly and can cause further damage to your shoes and feet. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Warren Pasternack from Advantage Foot Care Centers. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Cracked Heels

Cracked heels appear unappealing and can make it harder for you walk around in sandals. Aside from looking unpleasant, cracked heels can also tear stockings, socks, and wear out your shoes. There are several methods to help restore a cracked heel and prevent further damage.

How do you get them?

Dry skin is the number one culprit in creating cracked heels. Many athletes, walkers, joggers, and even swimmers suffer from cracked heels. Age and skin oil production play a role to getting cracked heels as well.

Promote Healing

Over the counter medicines can help, especially for those that need instant relief or who suffer from chronic dry feet.

Wear Socks – Wearing socks with medicated creams helps lock in moisture.

Moisturizers – Applying both day and night will help alleviate dryness which causes cracking.

Pumice Stones – These exfoliate and remove dead skin, which allows for smoother moisturizer application and better absorption into the skin. 

Change in Diet

Eating healthy with a well-balanced diet will give the skin a fresh and radiant look. Your body responds to the kinds of food you ingest. Omega-3 fatty acids and zinc supplements can also revitalize skin tissue.

Most importantly, seek professional help if unsure how to proceed in treating cracked heels. A podiatrist will help you with any questions or information needed. 

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in East Brunswick, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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