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Monday, 30 April 2018 00:00

Does Hammertoe Have to be Treated?

One uncomfortable deformity of the middle toes is hammertoe. The name is derived from the word “hammer,” as a result of the toe bending in the middle of the joint. It is typically caused by unbalanced muscles, tendons, and ligaments in the toe and will get increasingly worse if it is ignored and treatment is not sought. If certain shoes are worn, such as high heels that have a small area for the toes, the risk of developing this ailment is heightened. Other causes may include a predisposed inherited gene, certain forms of arthritis that may alter the bone structure of the foot, or injuries such as stubbing the toe. Some of the symptoms that may be experienced can be swelling and redness surrounding the affected area, open sores or corns that can form on the top of the toe, or having difficulty in keeping the toe straight. There are ways to prevent this condition from developing, such as choosing to wear shoes that have adequate toe room. If you are affected by hammertoe, see a podiatrist to learn about the best treatment options for you.

Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact Dr. Warren Pasternack of Advantage Foot Care Centers. Our doctor will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Hammertoe

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that occurs due to an imbalance in the muscles, tendons, or ligaments that normally hold the toe straight. It can be caused by the type of shoes you wear, your foot structure, trauma, and certain disease processes.

Symptoms

  • Painful and/or difficult toe movement
  • Swelling
  • Joint stiffness
  • Calluses/Corns
  • Physical deformity

Risk Factors

  • Age – The risk of hammertoe increases with age
  • Sex – Women are more likely to have hammertoe compared to men
  • Toe Length – You are more likely to develop hammertoe if your second toe is longer than your big toe
  • Certain Diseases – Arthritis and diabetes may make you more likely to develop hammertoe

Treatment

If you have hammertoe, you should change into a more comfortable shoe that provides enough room for your toes. Exercises such as picking up marbles may strengthen and stretch your toe muscles. Nevertheless, it is important to seek assistance from a podiatrist in order to determine the severity of your hammertoe and see which treatment option will work best for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in East Brunswick, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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It has often been recognized that many conditions concerning the feet may be indicative of the overall health of the body. If muscle spasms in the feet are experienced, it may be a result of certain vitamin deficiencies, which may cause dehydration. Additionally, if the feet are generally cold for a majority of the time, health issues such as diabetes or anemia may be present. Swollen and tender feet may represent the body’s inability to properly circulate the blood. Gout, a form of arthritis, is an extremely painful condition that typically affects men. This ailment is often triggered by a buildup of uric acid crystals, caused by ingesting excessive alcohol or meat. A condition referred to as foot drop indicates difficulty in lifting the front of the foot. This may be a result of the body incurring nerve damage, possibly originating from a leg injury. It’s suggested to consult with a podiatrist if you are affected by any of these conditions.

When dealing with systemic disease of the feet, it is extremely important to check the affected areas routinely so that any additional problems are caught quickly.  If you have any concerns about your feet and ankles contact Dr. Warren Pasternack from Advantage Foot Care Centers. Our doctor will assist you with all of your podiatric needs.

Systemic Diseases of the Feet

Systemic diseases affect the whole body, and symptoms usually are displayed in the feet. This condition can make a patient’s ability to walk unbearable.  Systemic diseases include gout, diabetes mellitus, neurological disorders, and arthritis.

Gout – is caused by an excess of uric acid in the body. Common symptoms include pain, inflammation, and redness at the metatarsal/phalangeal joint of the base big toe. Gout can be treated by NSAIDs to relieve pain and inflammation, and other drugs that lower the acid levels in the body.

Diabetes mellitus – is an increase in the level of blood sugar that the body cannot counteract with its own insulin. Failure to produce enough insulin is a factor in Diabetes.

Diabetes of the Feet

Diabetic Neuropathy – may lead to damaged nerves and affect the feet through numbness and loss of sensation.

Peripheral Vascular Disease – can restrict the blood flow to the feet, and often times lead to amputation of the feet. 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in East Brunswick, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Monday, 16 April 2018 00:00

Causes of Heel Spurs

If you have a small bone protruding from the heel of the foot, you may have what is referred to as a heel spur. A heel spur is the result of calcium deposits that grow between the arch of the foot and the heel, and it typically can produce severe pain. Common symptoms of this condition may include sharp pain that is often experienced in the morning and may be followed by an ache in the heel for the remainder of the day. The heel may feel tender, and the appearance may be swollen and red. Recent research has shown that the development of this ailment may be a result of strained tendons and ligaments in the foot, which may cause the tissues in the heels to become soft. Activities that involve walking or running on hard surfaces may contribute to the occurrence of heel spurs, in addition to being overweight or wearing shoes that do not fit correctly. If you have this condition, please schedule a consultation with a podiatrist for additional information and possible treatment options.

Heel spurs can be incredibly painful and sometimes may make you unable to participate in physical activities. To get medical care for your heel spurs, contact Dr. Warren Pasternack from Advantage Foot Care Centers. Our doctor will do everything possible to treat your condition.

Heels Spurs

Heel spurs are formed by calcium deposits on the back of the foot where the heel is. This can also be caused by small fragments of bone breaking off one section of the foot, attaching onto the back of the foot. Heel spurs can also be bone growth on the back of the foot and may grow in the direction of the arch of the foot.

Older individuals usually suffer from heel spurs and pain sometimes intensifies with age. One of the main conditions spurs are related to is plantar fasciitis.

Pain

The pain associated with spurs is often because of weight placed on the feet. When someone is walking, their entire weight is concentrated on the feet. Bone spurs then have the tendency to affect other bones and tissues around the foot. As the pain continues, the feet will become tender and sensitive over time.

Treatments

There are many ways to treat heel spurs. If one is suffering from heel spurs in conjunction with pain, there are several methods for healing. Medication, surgery, and herbal care are some options.

If you have any questions feel free to contact our office located in East Brunswick, NJ. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet your needs.

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Monday, 09 April 2018 00:00

Different Types of Flat Feet

Well-developed arches in the feet provide the necessary balance the body needs to achieve maximum flexibility and stability. When this arch is not developed, the condition is called flat feet, also known as fallen arches. Babies are typically born with flat feet, and the arch generally develops in childhood. Recent research has shown there are two types of flat feet: flexible and rigid. A partial arch is noticeable in the patient that has flexible flat feet, while there is no arch present at all in rigid flat feet. As the aging process transpires, there may be several reasons why flat feet develop, including weight gain and possible foot injuries. Runners with this condition may find that choosing shoes to wear while jogging that offer additional support may feel more comfortable. It’s suggested to consult with a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis or for additional information. 

Flatfoot is a condition many people suffer from. If you have flat feet, contact Dr. Warren Pasternack from Advantage Foot Care Centers. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What are Flat Feet?

Flatfoot is a condition in which the arch of the foot is depressed and the sole of the foot is almost completely in contact with the ground. About 20-30% of the population generally has flat feet because their arches never formed during growth.

Conditions & Problems:

Having flat feet makes it difficult to run or walk because of the stress placed on the ankles.

Alignment – The general alignment of your legs can be disrupted, because the ankles move inward which can cause major discomfort.

Knees – If you have complications with your knees, flat feet can be a contributor to arthritis in that area.  

Symptoms:

  • Pain around the heel or arch area
  • Trouble standing on the tip toe
  • Swelling around the inside of the ankle
  • Flat look to one or both feet
  • Having your shoes feel uneven when worn

Treatment:

If you are experiencing pain and stress on the foot you may weaken the posterior tibial tendon, which runs around the inside of the ankle. 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in East Brunswick, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Monday, 02 April 2018 00:00

What Does A Bunion Look Like?

If your big toe appears to be bent, causing the side of the toe to extend abnormally, you may have what is referred to as a bunion. It often appears to be swollen, red and sensitive, and may gradually worsen if left untreated. This deformity is often caused by a predisposed genetic trait, although it may be common in people who choose to wear high heels or other poorly fitting shoes. Bunions are often the result of the toes not having adequate room to move, which may possibly alter the structure of the foot. Treatments may include wearing shoes that fit properly with ample room to accommodate the bunion, or splints designed specifically for feet with this condition so relief may be attained. If the bunion is severe, surgery may be a necessary treatment option. It’s suggested to consult with a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis and relief options that are best for you.

 

If you are suffering from bunions, contact Dr. Warren Pasternack of Advantage Foot Care Centers. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in East Brunswick, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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